The World with Zero Postulation: Unraveling the Mysteries of Nature…

The_World_with_Zero__Cover_facebookFrom the book…

‘…The law of universal gravitation states that any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. This was the genius of Newton in seeing the same underlying force that causes all bodies in the universe, big or small, to attract each other. Using his new theory, he was able to predict with considerable accuracy the motion of planets, as well as the tiniest objects known to man in those days.

He himself was not fully comfortable, however, with the force of gravity. In a letter, he wrote ‘That one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum without the mediation of anything else, by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one another, is to me so great an absurdity that, I believe, no man who has in philosophic matters a competent faculty of thinking could ever fall into it.’ He was never able to assign a cause behind the existence of gravity. In the second edition of the Principia he wrote ‘I have not yet been able to discover the cause of these properties of gravity from phenomena and I feign no hypotheses… It is enough that gravity does really exist and acts according to the laws I have explained, and that it abundantly serves to account for all the motions of celestial bodies.’

It is however to be noted that the idea of gravity was not an entirely new concept outside Europe. In Siddhantha Siromani (Supreme Results) gravity was described by the 11th century Indian Mathematician Bhaskaracharya in the following terms:

Aakrishti sakthischa mahee thayaa yathkhastham guru swa abhimukham swa sakthyaa . aakrushyathe thath pathathi iti bhaathi same samanthaath kwa pathathi ayam khe

It says that the earth attracts the objects in the sky by its own force towards itself. He discusses the forces between the celestial bodies using a question: Where can the celestial bodies fall since they attract each other?

It was much after the death of Isaac Newton that modern science began to learn about electricity and magnetism in details. Around the beginning of the nineteenth century a vague relationship between electricity and magnetism began to be understood, especially due to the experiments conducted by Hans Christian Ørsted, André-Marie Ampère, Jean-Baptiste Biot, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, Félix Savart, Michael Faraday, etc. However, the knowledge that was being gathered was vastly chaotic. James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) organized the knowledge by formulating a few general principles combining, both electricity and magnetism. His work was about finding the underlying principles that causes the various electrical and magnetic phenomena. Maxwell helped develop the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution, which is a statistical means of describing aspects of the kinetic theory of gases…’

 

SnowflakesWilsonBentleyEmergence is the way complex systems and patterns arise out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions. This is central to the study of complex as well as chaotic systems. The simple components of the environment may form more complex emergent properties, as a whole. Relating to the closest we can get, the human perception of the world, we can say that what we perceive about the world is way greater than the signals that are fed to our bodies through our senses. When you look at a distant star, your perception of the star is way greater than the light that reaches your eyes from it.

The above image: Snowflakes (by Wilson Bentley) forming complex symmetrical patterns is an example of emergence in a physical system.

 

Read On…

New Books on Zero Postulation!

Kindle-Cover-abstraction-book2.0Abstraction in Theory:Zero Postulation Results: Theory of Everything

From the Back Cover: This book is a way forward towards the “theory of everything” in physics.True to this gigantic task,the author approaches the subject in a completely new way.The whole theory is based on the concept of “zero-postulation”,an area where others have been less than successful. The idea of “zero-postulation” in itself is a tremendous leap in the methods applied in studying sciences.Based on no assumption,this approach is totally based on solid grounds,unlike the other theories in existence.It is a neat and satisfactory description of the world. ‘Over some years now, a large part of the energies of the scientific community has been employed solely for finding a theory that will fit in all known happenings of the physical world. Various groups of scientists have tried to attack the problem from different ends. Some of these theories have been partly successful in explaining the known physical world. However none of these theories have been without shortcomings. Be it the much lauded String Theory or the Quantum Gravity postulation or any other such attempts towards arriving at a Theory of Everything, none have been proved to be foolproof. To say the least, nobody can deny that there is room for much improvement before we can even start thinking truly towards such a theory that would describe the known world satisfactorily and provide for a single basis of understanding the four forces in nature.’

The_World_with_Zero__Cover_for_KindleThe World with Zero Postulation: Unraveling the Mysteries of Nature…

From the Back Cover: ‘A World with Zero Postulation’ is a landmark book that tells the story of the development of our understanding of the universe in as simple terms as it can be said in. Embark on an incredible journey through time, as human understanding of science journeys from the ancient age, through the medieval age, to the age. It tells, in simple language, the very recent developments in the world of science in general and of physics in particular. ‘It becomes increasingly difficult for us to predict emergent phenomena, as there is an increase in the number of properties that we have to consider for doing that. However, it should also be kept in mind than merely a large number of insignificant components, coming together and constituting a given system, is not enough to ensure that we have emergent properties. The noise that is produced may sometimes subdue the emergent properties too. ‘

Building a Foolproof Navigation System: Fuzzy Logic Emulating the Brain

Screenshot from 2014-07-29 04:26:23Our aim is to help build a machine that can reduce the possibility of mishaps in navigation to zero. For that devise a new system of numbers, in which the real numbers are represented on the y-axis and complex numbers on the x-axis. Inside such a system, we incorporate the equivalent Ideal Fuzzy Logic that can be used by the machine to predict and avoid mishaps.

Natural processes are vastly emergent phenomena and each new result is always the source of new emergence. To cope with nonlinear control problems, binary logic is no longer sufficient. What we need is an ideal Fuzzy Logic that not only can process complex numbers with utmost efficiency, but also ‘thinks’ in terms of complex numbers. Such a system also needs to be as simple as possible for us and for machines to work with.

A perfectly efficient navigation system will be able to receive inputs that have all sets of possible values. These values may be real or imaginary. Such a system will be particularly efficient in dealing with imaginary numbers and will be able to reduce the probability of a mishap to zero. Read More Here…

#OKFest14, Berlin

14527009649_bcb9c14e1e_k

A group photograph taken at the Open Knowledge Festival, 2014, Berlin. I had been away this month to Europe to attend the Open Knowledge Festival in Berlin, Germany. It was the largest event of its kind and the scale of the event was really dizzying, being attended by representatives of more than 56 countries. I would like to thank everyone, mostly the organizers, for giving me the opportunity to represent India. It had been a great opportunity, I must say, to meet so many enthusiastic people, all focused towards making the world a better informed place. To quote the words of Tagore, ‘…Where knowledge is free…’ Looking forward to see a lot of positive changes now. Find more here…

The Open Knowledge Festival 2014

I had been away this month to Europe to attend the Open Knowledge Festival in Berlin, Germany. It was the largest event of its kind and the scale of the event was really dizzying, being attended by representatives of more than 56 countries. I would like to thank everyone, mostly the organizers, for giving me the opportunity to represent India. It had been a great opportunity, I must say, to meet so many enthusiastic people, all focused towards making the world a better informed place. To quote the words of Tagore, ‘…Where knowledge is free…’ Looking forward to see a lot of positive changes now. Find more here…IMG_20140717_125800.2

New Book on Zero Postulation

Watch this space for news on the release of the latest work on Zero Postulation Results. The title Abstraction in Theory: Zero Postulation Results: Theory of Everything (Book – 2) is to be released soon.

About the book (from the back cover):

This book is a way forward towards the “theory of everything” in physics.True to this gigantic task,the author approaches the subject in a completely new way.The whole theory is based on the concept of “zero-postulation”,an area where others have been less than successful.

The idea of “zero-postulation” in itself is a tremendous leap in the methods applied in studying sciences.Based on no assumption,this approach is totally based on solid grounds,unlike the other theories in existence.It is a neat and satisfactory description of the world.

‘Over some years now, a large part of the energies of the scientific community has been employed solely for finding a theory that will fit in all known happenings of the physical world. Various groups of scientists have tried to attack the problem from different ends.

Some of these theories have been partly successful in explaining the known physical world.
However none of these theories have been without shortcomings. Be it the much lauded String Theory or the Quantum Gravity postulation or any other such attempts towards arriving at a Theory of Everything, none have been proved to be foolproof.

To say the least, nobody can deny that there is room for much improvement before we can even start thinking truly towards such a theory that would describe the known world satisfactorily and provide for a single basis of understanding the four forces in nature.’

Availability of My Books

Screenshot from 2014-06-15 00:06:18

 

The book Call of the Lost Ages: A Study of the Indus Valley Script is at the Guardian Bookstore now. I thank the Guardian for this honor.

You can also order your copy here, if you are in India