Fundemental Requirements of A Theory of Everything In Physics

Fundemental Requirements of A Theory of Everything In Physics

Over some years now, a large part of the energies of the scientific community has been employed solely for finding a theory that will fit in all known happenings of the physical world. Various groups of scientists have tried to attack the problem from different ends. Some of these theories have been partly successful in explaining the known physical world. However none of these theories have been without shortcomings. Be it the much lauded String Theory or the Quantum Gravity postulation or any other such attempts towards arriving at a Theory of Everything, none have been proved to be foolproof. To say the least, nobody can deny that there is room for much improvement before we can even start thinking truly towards such a theory that would describe the known world satisfactorily and provide for a single basis of understanding the four forces in nature.

On top of that, we have the newly emerging problems of ‘Dark Energy’, ‘Dark Matter’ and the like. These realms are yet to be accepted by the scientific community officially, but nonetheless, they are most definitely at least a few parts of mysteries that remain unexplained. A good and effective Theory of Everything must aim towards explaining such mysteries too. Sadly, we have no theory as yet that fulfills these criteria. From the dawn of civilization, human beings have tried to find out order in the chaotic world surrounding them. It has however never been easy to find a solution to explain a given system while being a part of that system. The best bet is to find out the most fundamental components within the system and building a theory round these. In other words, a theory that is able to describe the world in totality has to keep the number of basic postulates it depends upon to zero or near zero. Deductionism hits a dead end in this regard. On the other hand, abstraction as the starting point of building up a theory may be seen to be of fitting use. It would be much more than a new way of tackling the problem. Even abstract postulates do away with the shackles that bind our theories into the system and bar them from being total descriptions of the system. The abstraction we are talking about here may be defined as,

“Postulation of non-postulation” or, in other words, “A system of postulation that gives equal weights to all possible

solutions inside the system and favours none of such solutions over others.”

Abstraction automatically gives rise to optimized solutions within the universal set of all possible solutions. It is these optimized solutions that make up and drive the non-abstract parts of the world, while the non-optimized solutions remain ‘hidden’ from the material world, inside the abstract world.

Starting from a basis of no postulation, we build our theory. As we go on piling up possibilities, we come to a similar basis for understanding the four non-contact forces of nature known till date. The difference in ranges of these forces is explained from this basis.

Zero postulation or abstraction as the basis of theory synthesis allows us to explore even imaginary and chaotic non-favoured solutions as possibilities. With no postulation as the fundamental basis, we are thus able to pile up postulated results or favoured results, but not the other way round. We keep describing such implications of abstraction in this process. We deal with the abstraction of observable parameters involved in a given system (quantum, relativistic, chaotic, non-chaotic) and formulate a similar basis of understanding them. Scaling of observable parameters in adequate ways is shown to unite the understanding of worlds of the great vastness of the universe and the minuteness of the sub-atomic realm. Finally, the mysteries involving ‘dark energy’ and ‘dark matter’ may be uncovered using such an approach.

Subhajit Ganguly

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