The World with Zero Postulation: Unraveling the Mysteries of Nature…

The_World_with_Zero__Cover_facebookFrom the book…

‘…The law of universal gravitation states that any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. This was the genius of Newton in seeing the same underlying force that causes all bodies in the universe, big or small, to attract each other. Using his new theory, he was able to predict with considerable accuracy the motion of planets, as well as the tiniest objects known to man in those days.

He himself was not fully comfortable, however, with the force of gravity. In a letter, he wrote ‘That one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum without the mediation of anything else, by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one another, is to me so great an absurdity that, I believe, no man who has in philosophic matters a competent faculty of thinking could ever fall into it.’ He was never able to assign a cause behind the existence of gravity. In the second edition of the Principia he wrote ‘I have not yet been able to discover the cause of these properties of gravity from phenomena and I feign no hypotheses… It is enough that gravity does really exist and acts according to the laws I have explained, and that it abundantly serves to account for all the motions of celestial bodies.’

It is however to be noted that the idea of gravity was not an entirely new concept outside Europe. In Siddhantha Siromani (Supreme Results) gravity was described by the 11th century Indian Mathematician Bhaskaracharya in the following terms:

Aakrishti sakthischa mahee thayaa yathkhastham guru swa abhimukham swa sakthyaa . aakrushyathe thath pathathi iti bhaathi same samanthaath kwa pathathi ayam khe

It says that the earth attracts the objects in the sky by its own force towards itself. He discusses the forces between the celestial bodies using a question: Where can the celestial bodies fall since they attract each other?

It was much after the death of Isaac Newton that modern science began to learn about electricity and magnetism in details. Around the beginning of the nineteenth century a vague relationship between electricity and magnetism began to be understood, especially due to the experiments conducted by Hans Christian Ørsted, André-Marie Ampère, Jean-Baptiste Biot, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, Félix Savart, Michael Faraday, etc. However, the knowledge that was being gathered was vastly chaotic. James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) organized the knowledge by formulating a few general principles combining, both electricity and magnetism. His work was about finding the underlying principles that causes the various electrical and magnetic phenomena. Maxwell helped develop the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution, which is a statistical means of describing aspects of the kinetic theory of gases…’

 

SnowflakesWilsonBentleyEmergence is the way complex systems and patterns arise out of a multiplicity of relatively simple interactions. This is central to the study of complex as well as chaotic systems. The simple components of the environment may form more complex emergent properties, as a whole. Relating to the closest we can get, the human perception of the world, we can say that what we perceive about the world is way greater than the signals that are fed to our bodies through our senses. When you look at a distant star, your perception of the star is way greater than the light that reaches your eyes from it.

The above image: Snowflakes (by Wilson Bentley) forming complex symmetrical patterns is an example of emergence in a physical system.

 

Read On…

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New Books on Zero Postulation!

Kindle-Cover-abstraction-book2.0Abstraction in Theory:Zero Postulation Results: Theory of Everything

From the Back Cover: This book is a way forward towards the “theory of everything” in physics.True to this gigantic task,the author approaches the subject in a completely new way.The whole theory is based on the concept of “zero-postulation”,an area where others have been less than successful. The idea of “zero-postulation” in itself is a tremendous leap in the methods applied in studying sciences.Based on no assumption,this approach is totally based on solid grounds,unlike the other theories in existence.It is a neat and satisfactory description of the world. ‘Over some years now, a large part of the energies of the scientific community has been employed solely for finding a theory that will fit in all known happenings of the physical world. Various groups of scientists have tried to attack the problem from different ends. Some of these theories have been partly successful in explaining the known physical world. However none of these theories have been without shortcomings. Be it the much lauded String Theory or the Quantum Gravity postulation or any other such attempts towards arriving at a Theory of Everything, none have been proved to be foolproof. To say the least, nobody can deny that there is room for much improvement before we can even start thinking truly towards such a theory that would describe the known world satisfactorily and provide for a single basis of understanding the four forces in nature.’

The_World_with_Zero__Cover_for_KindleThe World with Zero Postulation: Unraveling the Mysteries of Nature…

From the Back Cover: ‘A World with Zero Postulation’ is a landmark book that tells the story of the development of our understanding of the universe in as simple terms as it can be said in. Embark on an incredible journey through time, as human understanding of science journeys from the ancient age, through the medieval age, to the age. It tells, in simple language, the very recent developments in the world of science in general and of physics in particular. ‘It becomes increasingly difficult for us to predict emergent phenomena, as there is an increase in the number of properties that we have to consider for doing that. However, it should also be kept in mind than merely a large number of insignificant components, coming together and constituting a given system, is not enough to ensure that we have emergent properties. The noise that is produced may sometimes subdue the emergent properties too. ‘

Read more about Transport Phenomena

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Considering transport or tendency of transport of physical entities from an initial to a final point,we come to a similar basis of understanding of various physical phenomena.The trajectory-behaviour of such transport represents the effect or field of influence.This way,we may explain cluster-formation in the universe,an expanding universe,etc.This may also lead to a similar basis for understanding the four non-contact forces of nature.Also,for different ranges of accleration in the field formed in spacetime,we have different properties of matter interacting.This may explain the difference in ranges of the various forces.

Read on.. http://figshare.com/articles/Abstraction_In_Theory_-_Laws_Of_Physical_Transactions/91660

Niels Henrik David Bohr ( 7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962)

  • There is no quantum world. There is only an abstract physical description. It is wrong to think that the task of physics is to find out how nature is. Physics concerns what we can say about nature… – Niels Bohr

    • As quoted in “The philosophy of Niels Bohr” by Aage Petersen, in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Vol. 19, No. 7 (September 1963); The Genius of Science: A Portrait Gallery (2000) by Abraham Pais, p. 24, and Niels Bohr: Reflections on Subject and Object (2001) by Paul. McEvoy, p. 291

Scaling The Universe

Be it the vastness of the universe or the delicate smallness of the sub-atomic world, by choosing a suitable constant scaling ratio for both, we may obtain their representations. These representations following a certain constant scaling ratio, will be self-same. In previous papers on the subject, I have mentioned the chaotic behaviour in the quantum world. Choosing suitable scaling ratios, we may turn the universe itself into such a chaotic quantum system, having its own necessary quantum states and trajectory behaviour. In that case, the study of the universe reduces to the study of some sort of a quantum chaotic system. On the other hand, choosing some other necessary scaling ratios, the atomic and the sub-atomic realm may be extended to become the universe itself, complete with its own macroscopic trajectory behaviour. Instead of formulating different ways of looking at worlds of different sizes, if we adjust the way of viewing i.e., the scaling ratio in such a fashion that the representations of the world merge, we will be looking at representative worlds of study which are practically self-same.

The Laws of Physical Transactions formulated in previous papers of the subject may then be applied in order to study such self-same representations of the worlds of various scales. Unification of the ways of studying at different ranges of scaling may thus be achieved by suitable landscaping (adjusting different scales to a suitable scaling-ratio, in order to make all the scales of study similar in size). Further, a similar approach may be applied to study the Bose-Einstein Condensation. A certain critical packing density of the constituents of each world of a certain landscape must ensure a condensation of similar sort. The quantum states (or some similar states) of each such landscape will merge and give spikes for that critical scaling ratio in their respective representations.

The quantum chaotic behaviour may be of interest to study if we are to learn about the universe as a whole. The astronomically large distances separating clusters in the universe supports a study of such sorts. Quantum chaotic behaviour, on the other hand will give rise to something similar to the Bose- Einstein condensation at some critical packing density. The study of such condensation states too will be of interest here.

Looking at a large enough part of the universe, we may draw an analogy to a system of scattered particles in motion or rest relative to each other. These particles may or may not be similar to each other, if we look at a given locality. Our idea, however, is that we can always represent even the whole of the universe on a piece of paper of our desired size. We can very well do the same with localities of sub-atomic sizes.

We may represent both the worlds, viz. the microscopic and the macroscopic, within any desired standard size. Theoretically, we are only to diminish the snaps of the universe and magnify the snaps of the microscopic world in order to put both into representations of a definite scaling-size. Looking at such a representation of the macroscopic world (due to the large number of constituents and the large distances separating them involved) we will find it to be a complex mixture of various kinds of particles. On the other hand, looking at such a representation of the microscopic world, (due to the small distances separating the constituents) it will be like the actual universe itself, with various types of constituent parts involved. Such a representation of the microscopic and the macroscopic worlds will bring out hidden properties and behaviours of both worlds, as well as providing for a similar basis of studying them both.